Sunday, 7 October 2018

How many percent of gold is in 18 karat gold

"Caratage" is simply the measurement of purity of gold alloyed with other metals. 24 carat is generally accepted as pure gold with no other metals. Lower caratages contain less gold; 18 carat gold contains 75% percent gold and 25% other metals, often copper or silver.
    An 18 carat gold represents 75% gold and other metals. This can be calculated by dividing the carats by 24. That is, 18/24=0.75 value of gold
    To get the percentage, multiply it by 100. That is 0.75×100=75% gold.

    There are some other values of gold that is sold they include; 0.999 0.995 0.990 or 22 carats, 14 carats etc  depending on what you buy as gold.

List of carats of Gold and the gold content

Purity: 22 carat gold
Gold content(wt.%):91.6

Purity:18 carat gold
Gold content(wt.%):75.0

Purity:14 carat gold
Gold content:58.5

Purity:9 carat gold
Gold content:37.5

Saturday, 6 October 2018

Which do you prefer, Gold or silver?

lots of precious stones and semi precious stones have been and is still being used to make Jewelry. Jewelry which is made with gemstones, shell, bead and precious metals such as gold and silver is used in many occasions. Jewelries such as necklace, rings, anklets, earrings etc is used in many occasions. Most people use it as a form of dowry while some use it as a form of ornament, etc. Whatever purpose it is used for, people always have preferences when it comes to what their Jewelry is made of. Most people prefer gold, some silver, others diamond or pearl etc. Whatever their preferences are, there is always a reason why they choose one above the other. When it comes to a choice of Jewelry, a person's personality, attractiveness, and interest comes to play. Now let's look at a case study of gold and silver. Some say that Gold is mostly accumulated over time as gifts by family or in the form of small pieces for investment, that Gold is still considered a primary form of investment in the country and that's why gold is preferred to silver. Some are of the opinion that people like and wear both silver and gold depending on the designs, and occasions they want to wear it to. Most people are of the opinion that Since times have changed, that, people are more interested in jewelry that is easy to carry for them and does not require much investment and can go with every outfit, so Instead of using gold, people are most interested in precious and semi precious jewelry and that in no doubt, silver is the most attractive option in jewelry. Certain people are of the opinion that the choice of Jewelry should be decided based on a person's skin complexions and personal style. This set of people claim that Gold generally suits darker complexions better and silver suits lighter complexions better. They say that While Some people can pull off either, it also depends on a person's outfit. Others think that the choice of gold or silver Jewelry is cultural. They said Some cultures consider gold the ultimate and it is also considered to be part of the woman’s dowry. While Other cultures use a lot of silver, partially because that is what was always readily available in their part of the the world. Most people feel that Other people choose whichever they prefer because they like the way it looks on their skin." I have always preferred silver. Silver looks better against my skin. Gold looks better on other people. Believe it or not, some people wear copper beautifully!" another opined. A Jeweler dealer who makes jewelry and do art shows said she had noticed that her gold case pulls people in, but her silver case sells best. That is because of the difference in prices. She said she has started mixing gold and silver. "People love the combination because they can wear it with everything! Now that I am mixing the metals, I am wearing more silver and gold mixes myself!" She said Some say that nowadays more people prefer wearing the silver jewelry to gold jewellery. They say Silver Jewelry is less expensive to gold jewellery and many trendy designs comes in silver. So one can afford to wear it with his/her outfits and look fashionable too.
Others say It completely depends on personal preference but it also depends on what the person is wearing it with. When it comes to gold and silver Jewelry, the preference of one against the other goes on and on. Which one do you prefer, silver or gold?

Saturday, 8 September 2018

Food and health quiz 1

Pick the right answer for each question
  1. What is the chemical name of vitamin B?

  2. Ascorbic acid

  3. The two major classes of fruits are

  4. Spoilt fruits and fresh fuits
    Fresh fruits and dried fruits
    Dried fruits and watery fruits
    Strong fruits and weak fruits

  5. One of these is used to prepare Indian rice pudding (kheer)

  6. Yeast
    Baking powder
    Palm oil

  7. What ingredient makes bread rise?

  8. Baking powder

  9. A person who does not eat meat is called

  10. Non-meat eater
    Fish eater

  11. What star is awarded to restaurants where the service and cooking levels are outstanding?

  12. Five star
    Golden star
    Best cook star

  13. The following are root vegetables except

  14. Cassava

  15. What is considered the sweetest fruit in the world?

  16. Banana

  17. A diabetic should not eat the following, except

  18. Sugar-sweetened beverages
    Dried fruits

  19. where does the word mocha come from?

  20. Yemen

Wednesday, 9 May 2018


It is true that food helps to keep the body healthy but there are some food that are bad for human health and there are some food which help to imprve human health
Below are some healthy food tips:
1. Eat food containing vitamin, and beta caroten; It helps to boost immunity against diseases. It also assists in the healing process of diseases such as measles and is recommended by the world health organization. Good natural sources of vitamin A are kidneys, liver, dairy products, green and yellow vegetables, pawpaw, mangoes, chilli pepper, red sorrel and red palm oil.
2. Avoid Processed Junk Food (Eat Real Food Instead);All the processed junk foods in the diet are the biggest reason the world is fatter and sicker than ever before.These foods have been engineered to be "hyper-rewarding," so they trick our brains into eating more than we need, even leading to addiction in some people.They are also low in fiber, protein and micronutrients (empty calories), but high in unhealthy ingredients like added sugar and refined grains.
3. Eat Fatty Fish;Pretty much everyone agrees that fish is healthy.This is particularly true of fatty fish, like salmon, which is loaded with omega-3 fatty acids and various other nutrients.Studies show that people who eat the most fish have a lower risk of all sorts of diseases, including heart disease, dementia and depression.
4. Eat Nuts;Despite being high in fat, nuts are incredibly nutritious and healthy.They are loaded with magnesium, vitamin E, fiber and various other nutrients.Studies show that nuts can help you lose weight, and may help fight type 2 diabetes and heart disease.Additionally, about 10-15% of the calories in nuts aren't even absorbed into the body, and some evidence suggests that they can boost metabolism.In one study, almonds were shown to increase weight loss by 62% compared to complex carbohydrate.
5. Drink Coffee; Coffee is actually very healthy.Coffee is high in antioxidants, and studies show that coffee drinkers live longer, and have a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's and numerous other diseases.
6. Drink Some Water (Especially Before Meals); Drinking enough water can have numerous benefits.One important factor, is that it can help boost the amount of calories you burn. According to 2 studies, it can boost metabolism by 24-30% over a period of 1-1.5 hours. This can amount to 96 additional calories burned if you drink 2 liters (67 oz) of water per day.The best time to drink water is half an hour before meals. One study showed that half a liter of water, 30 minutes before each meal, increased weight loss by 44%.
7. Eat Eggs, and Don't Throw Away The Yolk; Whole eggs are so nutritious that they're often referred to as "nature's multivitamin." It is a myth that eggs are bad for you because of the cholesterol. Studies show that they have no effect on blood cholesterol in the majority of people. Additionally, a massive review study that included 263,938 individuals found that egg consumption had no association with the risk of heart disease.
 8. Make use of tomato; Tomato is a superstar in the fruit and veggie pantheon. Tomatoes contain lycopene, a powerful cancer fighter. They’re also rich in vitamin C. The good news is that cooked tomatoes are also nutritious, so use them in pasta, soups and casseroles, as well as in salads. The British Thoracic Society says that tomatoes and apples can reduce your risk of asthma and chronic lung diseases. Both contain the antioxidant quercetin. To enjoy the benefits, eat five apples a week or a tomato every other day.
9. Eat Garlic, onions, spring onions and leeks; These contain stuff that’s good for you. A study at the Child’s Health Institute in Cape Town found that eating raw garlic helped fight serious childhood infections. Heat destroys these properties, so eat yours raw, wash it down with fruit juice or, if you’re a sissy, have it in tablet form.
10. Folic acid; Folic acid should be taken regularly by all pregnant mums and people with a low immunity to disease. Folic acid prevents spina bifida in unborn babies and can play a role in cancer prevention. It is found in green leafy vegetables, liver, fruit and bran.
11. Berries for your belly;  Blueberries, strawberries and raspberries contain plant nutrients known as anthocyanidins, which are powerful antioxidants. Blueberries rival grapes in concentrations of resveratrol – the antioxidant compound found in red wine that has assumed near mythological proportions. Resveratrol is believed to help protect against heart disease and cancer.
12. GI, Jane. Carbohydrates with a high glycaemic index, such as bread, sugar, honey and grain-based food will give instant energy and accelerate your metabolism. If you’re trying to burn fat, stick to beans, rice, pasta, lentils, peas, soya beans and oat bran, all of which have a low GI count.

Wednesday, 12 July 2017

how to prepare different types of salad.

Toss tomato and peach wedges with red onion slices. Drizzle with cider vinegar and olive oil; season with sugar, salt and pepper.

Whisk 1 part lemon juice with 3 parts olive oil, and salt and pepper. Toss with dill, basil, chives, tarragon and lettuce.

1.    Grated carrot
2.    ¼ cup of water
3.    Minced garlic
4.    Olive oil
5.    Lemon juice
6.    Red pepper flakes
7.    Parsley
8.    Salt
1.    Microwave grated carrots and minced garlic in 1/4 cup water until crisp-tender. 
2.    Drain; toss with lemon juice, olive oil, salt, red pepper flakes and parsley.

Tuesday, 27 June 2017

how to prepare fried rice

1.    Rice – 4 cups
2.    Onions – 1 bulb
3.    Green peas – 50g
4.    Green pepper – 70g
5.    Carrots – 70g
6.    Liver – 280g
7.    Curry – 2 tablespoon
8.    Thyme – 1 tablespoon
9.    White pepper – 1 tablespoon
10.    Butter – 300 mm
11.    Beef – 220g
12.    Chicken – 220g
13.    Groundnut oil
14.    Maggi cube (2 cubes)
15.    Salt
1.    Wash the meat and boil it for 30 minutes
2.    Cut the ingredients for the fried rice- cut the carrot, onions, green pepper and liver into separate bowls
3.    Parboil the rice
4.    Put the stock gotten from the water used in cooking the chicken and beef in a sauce pan and allow to boil
5.    Season with maggi, curry, thyme, salt and other ingredients. Allow it to boil for 5 minutes
6.    Wash the parboiled rice and cook in the stock. Allow it to boil for 15 minutes. Meanwhile fry the vegetables, liver, using vegetable oil.
7.    Fry the boiled rice in the mixture for approximately 2 minutes
8.    Melt the butter in it
9.    Add the remaining stock and allow it to cook for 30 minutes
10.    Serve with fried beef or chicken


Thursday, 22 June 2017

how to prepare nsala soup

1.    Chicken – 500g
2.    Uziza seeds – 6
3.    Utazi leaves
4.    Dried pepper
5.    Crayfish – 20g
6.    Seasoning – 2 cubes
7.    Yam slice – 1 piece(for thickening)
8.    Dried fish
9.    Udah – 2 seeds
10.    Ewulu – 2 seeds
11.    Salt
1.    Wash and season chicken to boil for 15 minutes
2.    Add dried fish, yam pieces to boil for 5 minutes
3.    Add all the spices, ground crayfish, pgiri, pepper, salt and seasoning and Cook for 5 minutes
4.    Pound yam and use it to thicken the soup.
5.    Boil until the yam for thickening is well blended
6.    Serve with pounded yam fufu


Wednesday, 21 June 2017

how to prepare starch



1.    4 cups garri starch

2.    750mm boiling water

3.    2 tablespoon palm oil


1.    Mix the starch to a thick paste with clean cold water in a cooking pot that has been greased with the palm oil to prevent the starch from sticking to the pot. The greasing also helps to improve the color

2.    Add the boiled water, stirring all the  time

3.    Cook, over heat while stirring with a long wooden spoon

4.    When the starch is smooth and its of good consistency, put in a wet plate and serve with banga soup or any other soup

Featured post

How many percent of gold is in 18 karat gold

"Caratage" is simply the measurement of purity of gold alloyed with other metals. 24 carat is generally accepted as pure gold w...